ADHD is a clinical syndrome defined in the DSMIV (APA, 1994) by high levels of hyperactive, impulsive and inattentive behaviours, when they begin during early childhood, are persistent over time, pervasive across situations and lead to clinically significant impairments.The definition of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been updated in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) to more accurately characterize the experience of affected adults. This revision is based on nearly two decades of research showing that ADHD, although a disorder that begins in childhood, can continue through adulthood for some people. Previous additions of DSM did not provide appropriate guidance to clinicians in diagnosing adults with the condition. By adapting criteria for adults, DSM-5 aims to ensure that children with ADHD can continue to get care throughout their lives if needed.
According to the DSM-IV, ascertaining the diagnosis of ADHD in adults
involves determining the presence of ADHD symptoms during both childhood and adulthood. The DIVA is based on the DSM-IV criteria and is the first structured Dutch interview for ADHD in adults. The DIVA has been developed by J.J.S. Kooij and M.H. Francken and is the successor of the earlier Semi-Structured Interview for ADHD in adults2,3
Clinical Assessment and treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Adults
European Consensus statement on diagnosis and treatment of ADHD: The European Network Adult ADHD
Evidence based guidelines for management of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder in adolescents in transition to adult services and in adults: recommendations from the British Association of Psychopharmacology
The ADHD Star has been developed for use with adults of any age who have been diagnosed with ADHD.
The ADHD Child Evaluation [ACE] is a semi-structured interview developed by Professor Susan Young to support healthcare practioners in the assessment and diagnosis of ADHD.
Building on the ADHD Child Evaluation, ACE+ is a semi-structured interview developed by Professor Susan Young to support healthcare practioners in the assessment and diagnosis of adults with ADHD. ACE+ is free to download and distribute.
Treatment - Useful Tools
Diagnosis and Assessment - Useful Tools